A case study about bp texas city

Texas City Refinery explosion

The explosion sent debris flying, instantly killing 15 people in and around the trailers and severely injuring others. At the time of the occurrence there were roughly added contractor employees on location for important turnaround work.

A shelter-in-place order was issued that required 43, people to remain indoors. In addition to personal failings, the report noted unclear responsibilities within the Group at all management levels.

The 15 employees killed in the explosion were contractors working in and around temporary trailers that had been previously sited by BP as close as feet 37 m from the blow down drum.

Some additional investments were made, but they did not address the core problems in Texas City. Technical failings included a blowdown drum that was of insufficient size, a lack of preventative maintenance on safety critical systems, inoperative alarms and level sensors in the ISOM process unit and the continued use of outdated blowdown drum and stack technology when replacement with the safer flare option had been a feasible alternative for many years.

On August 10,there was an incident in a gas-oil hydrotreater that resulted in a community order to shelter. However, BP ignored the warnings, and they believed that because the trailer where most of the deaths happened was empty most of the year, the risk was low.

The incident occurred during the start-up of an isomerization ISOM unit when a raffinate splitter was overfilled; pressure relief devices opened, resulting in a flammable liquid geyser from a blow down stack that was not equipped with a flare.

In addition, the committee said that BP had cut the budget for training and reduced staff. On January 14,William Joseph Gracia, 56, a veteran BP operations supervisor, died following head injuries sustained as workers prepared to place in service a water filtration vessel at the refinery's ultracracker unit.

The lightweight heaviness ocean water was not hefty sufficient to halt the gas from blowing to the exterior which blew up all the way up to the Deep Horizon rig.

The cloud continued to spread across the ISOM plant, across the pipe-rack to the west and into the trailer area unimpeded. Organisational failings included corporate cost-cutting, a failure to invest in the plant infrastructure, a lack of corporate oversight on both safety culture and major accident prevention programs, a focus on occupational safety and not process safety, a defective management of change process which allowed the siting of contractor trailers too close to the ISOM process unitthe inadequate training of operators, a lack of competent supervision for start-up operations, poor communications between individuals and departments and the use of outdated and ineffective work procedures which were often not followed.

During the morning meeting on March 23, it was discussed that the heavy raffinate storage tanks were nearly full and, therefore, the second Day Supervisor was told that the start-up procedure should not continue, but this information was not passed on.

Investigation reports[ edit ] BP's in-house experts as well as various authorities and committees investigated the explosion in relation to technical, organizational, and safety culture aspects.


On 9 November BP settled the case with Rowe as the last applicant after her lawyers had tried to invite John Browne as witnesses. The Chemical Safety Board found that a contractor had accidentally switched a low-alloy steel elbow with carbon steel pipe elbow during maintenance, causing a failure mode known as " high temperature hydrogen attack " HTHA.

A Case Study About Bp (Texas City)

Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. The next siting analysis was due to take place in and, therefore, any siting changes before then would be under the management of change MOC process.

The results of the investigation of the agency were published in a three hundred page long report on 20 March Chemical Safety and Hazard Investigation Board examined both the technical aspects and the responsibility of the supervisory authorities.

The overhead pipe ran down the side of the tower to pressure relief valves located feet 45 m below. This individual who provided the alignment to eliminate the drilling fluid and restore it with the seawater made the culpable, mortal and lawless individual conclusion that initiated the explosion.

Nearby workers frantically tried to shut down the engine, without success. The director of the Cherry Point refinery was promoted to oversee better implementation of process safety at BP. Bonse report[ edit ] Another internal report known as the Bonse report, led by the chairman of BP Germany, Wilhelm Bonse-Geuking that was issued identified numerous management failures.


A shelter-in-place order was issued that required 43, people to remain indoors. The refinery makes petrol, jet fuels, diesel fuels and chemical feed stocks. The blow down drum and stack overfilled with flammable liquid, which led to a geyser-like release out the foot 34 m tall stack. The amount of compensation for Eva Rowe remained unknown.

Pressure started to build up in the system as the remaining nitrogen in the tower and associated pipework became compressed with the increasing volume of raffinate. Acted a policy for siting trailers that was sufficiently protective of trailer occupants.

Beginning inBP commissioned a series of audits and studies that revealed serious safety problems at the Texas City refinery, including a lack of necessary preventive maintenance and training.

The remaining nine UCU contractor trailers arrived on site at the start ofbut these had not been included in the MOC, so the additional exposure risk of these new trailers being occupied in close proximity to the ISOM plant was never assessed. The results of the technical investigation of a team of BP-experts were summarized in the so-called Mogford report, the findings with regard to the organizational aspects and the responsibility of management in the so-called Bonse report.

From the survey results, they concluded that the Toledo and Texas City, Texas plants had the worst process safety culture, while the Cherry Point Refinerylocated in Birch Bay, Washingtonhad the best process safety culture. March Learn how and when to remove this template message The diagram shows the effects of the raffinate splitter tower overfilling, with subsequent release of flammable hydrocarbons into the environment through the blowback stack.

The release of flammables led to an explosion and fire. This would origin the force to be completely relying on the blowout preventer which furthermore failed to work because the pinchers which are shave rams in the assault out avert failed to halt the blast also.

The refinery has 30 method flats disperse over a 1, acre location and uses about 1, BP staff. In an explosion rocked the BP Texas City refinery, killing 15 people and injuring The company incurred direct and indirect financial losses on the order of billions of dollars for victims' compensation as well as significant property damage and loss of production.

Case BP TEXAS CITY. HRM SUBMITTED TO: PROF. F.A FAREEDY SUBMITTED BY Muhammad Ali Asim 13P OVERVIEW In Marchan explosion and fire at 5/5(1). At approximately p.m.

on March 23,a series of explosions occurred at the BP Texas City refinery during the restarting of a hydrocarbon isomerization unit. Fifteen workers were killed and others were injured. Addresses the need to adequately size disposal drums for credible worse-case liquid relief scenarios, based on.

allianceimmobilier39.com BP Texas City. Muffler Magic. Final Case HRM. CASE ANALYSIS “BP TEXAS CITY” SUBMITTED TO: PROF. F.A. FAREEDY SUBMITTED BY: ZAINAB SALMAN British Petroleum is a multinational oil and gas company and is indulged in both upstream and downstream operations.

industrial accident in more than 10 years 5/5(1). The BP Texas City facility is the third-largest oil refinery in the United States. Prior toAmoco owned the refinery. BP merged with Amoco in and BP subsequently took over operation of the plant.

In an explosion rocked the BP Texas City refinery, killing 15 people and injuring The company incurred direct and indirect financial losses on the order of billions of dollars for victims’ compensation as well as significant property damage and loss of production.

Texas City Refinery Accident: Case Study in Breakdown of Defense.

A case study about bp texas city
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